Syn.: Daphne abietina (Borbás) Borbás, Daphne cneorum var. abietina Borbás, Rozalia arbuscula (Čelak.) V. A. Richt.
Family: Thymelaeaceae Juss.
Daphne arbuscula
Distribution: Endemic to the Western Carpathians, it occurs only in Slovak mountains Muránska planina. This shrub is a relict of the Tertiary Period, and was first described by Czech botanist Ladislav Josef Čelakovský in 1890.
Ecology: It grows on sunny rocky slopes and rocks, on limestone, at elevations from 800 to 1300 m. It blooms from June to July.
Biotop
Description: Evergreen dwarf shrub, usually decumbent or ascending, 10–35 cm tall, young shoots bright coral-red, older yellowish-brown. Leaves clustered at the ends of the branches, alternate, fleshy, linear or linear-oblong, up to 18 mm long and 5 mm wide, deeply sulcate above and with strongly revolute margins. Flowers hermaphrodite, in terminal clusters, tube 12–20 mm long, lobes ovate, to 8 mm long, fragrant, pink, rarely white, bracts scarious, much shorter than the flowers. The fruit is a drupe, to 5 mm long.
Threat and protection: The Muran Daphne is a protected species by law in Slovakia, also listed in the Habitats Directive (Council Directive 92/43/EEC), and strictly protected by the Berne Convention.
Use: It is an interesting and attractive plant for rock gardens.
Note: The genus Daphne contains about 95 species, which occur in Europe and Asia.
Daphne arbuscula
Daphne arbuscula
Daphne arbuscula
Daphne arbuscula
These images were taken in Slovakia, Muránska planina (February 8, 2003 and May 7, 2004).