Syn.: Androrchis provincialis (Balb. ex Lam. et DC.) D.Tyteca et E. Klein, Orchis pallens subsp. provincialis (Balb. ex DC.) Bonnier et Layens, Orchis leucostachys Griseb., Orchis cyrilli Ten.
Family: Orchidaceae Juss.
Orchis provincialis
Distribution: Mediterranean species, the northern boundary of the area of distribution runs through southern France, northern Italy, Istria, northern Greece, appears also in the Crimea.
Ecology: It grows in forest clearings and margins, in macchia, from the coast up to 1700 m altitude. It blooms from April to May.
Orchis provincialis
Description: Perennial herb with subglobose or ovoid tubers. Stem 15–30(–40) cm tall, erect, with 3–8 leaves. Leaves lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, 13 cm long and 1,5 cm wide, usually with dark spots. Spike cylindrical, 4–8 cm long, with 5–15 flowers; bracts lanceolate, 1-to 3-veined, at least as long as ovary. Flowers pale yellow with deep yellow labellum; outer perianth-segments 9–11 mm, ovate-oblong, obtuse, the 2 lateral deflexed, the median erect, inner smaller, obliquely oblong. Labellum suborbicular, 3-lobed, 8–12 × 8–12 mm, lateral lobes rounded, middle lobe small, orbicular-truncate, scarcely longer than the lateral. Spur cylindrical, patent. Fruit is a capsule.
Threat and protection: Protected species in Spain, Ukraine and Russia, it is included also in the Berne Convention and CITES.
Orchis provincialisOrchis provincialis
Orchis provincialisOrchis provincialis
These images were taken in Italy, Gargano, Valle Pezzente (20. 4. 2008).