Syn.: Auricula minima Spach, Kablikia minima (L.) Opiz in Bercht. et Opiz, Kablikia truncata Opiz in Bercht. et Opiz, Auricula-ursi minima (L.) Soják
Family: Primulaceae Vent.
Primula minima
Distribution: Mountainous regions of Europe – the Alps, Sudetes, Carpathians, mountains of the Balkan peninsula.
Ecology: It grows on rocks, in rock crevices, on pastures, snow patches, in subalpine and alpine zones, in elevations up to 3000 m. It blooms from June to July.
Biotope
Description: Perennial herb, only 1–4 cm tall, with a basal rosette of leaves. Leaves obtriangular, cuneate, 0.5–3 × 0.3–1 cm, margins entire, apex deeply and narrowly dentate. Scape 1- to 2-flowered, bracts 3–8 mm, linear-lanceolate, calyx 5–9 mm, corolla bright pink, with deeply divided, V-shaped lobes. The fruit is a capsule.
Threat and protection: The Fairy Primrose is protected by law in Czechia, Slovakia and Ukraine.
Primula minimaPrimula minima
Primula minima
Primula minima
Primula minima
Primula minima
These images were taken in Italy, Dolomites, Tre Cime (June 18, 2005), and Czechia, Krkonoše (July 28, 2007).