Family: Asteraceae Bercht. et J. Presl

Centaurea tchihatcheffii

Distribution: Centaurea tchihatcheffii is a rare endemic plant belonging to Asteraceae, with a narrow distribution in Gölbaşi-Ankara (Central Anatolia). It was first discovered by Pierre de Tchihatcheff in 1848.

Ecology: Species grows in steppe-zones.

Description: An annual plant, the flowering period starts from mid April and May, and last until end of June depending on the environmental conditions. The species has some unique features such as its attractive colours, most frequently red, pinkish red, pink, and rarely white as well as its marginal flowers’ funnel shape. There has been ongoing efforts to protect the plant. There is now an annual festival in Gölbaşi to provide a public awareness for protection.

Threat and Protection: Centaurea tchihatcheffii is a critically endangered species (CR). This species is simultaneously protected by the Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats (Berne Convention).

Centaurea tchihatcheffii

Photos: spring 2007 (Turkey, Gölbaşi).