Syn.: Orchis officinalis Salisb., Orchis crenulata Gilib.
Family: Orchidaceae Juss.

Orchis morio

Distribution: Europe, except the northernmost, southernmost and easthernmost areas.

Ecology: Grows in meadows and grassy slopes, pastures, from lowlands to foothills. Flowers from May to June.

Description: Perennial herb, 8–40 cm tall, with an erect stem. The lower leaves are lanceolate, to 14 cm long, upper ones smaller, unspotted. The flowers are in a short terminal raceme, purple, rarely whitish, green-veined. The fruit is a capsule.

Threat and protection: Green-winged Orchid is an endangered and strictly protected plant in some countries (CZ, SK). This species is simultaneously protected by Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).

Orchis morioOrchis morio
Orchis morioOrchis morio

These images were taken in Czechia, Moravia, Bílé Karpaty, Čertoryje (by Ladislav Hoskovec: 18. 5. and 20. 6. 2003), and Czechia, Bílé Potoky and Louky pod Javorovou (by Zdeněk Podešva: 5. 5. 2003 and 15. 5. 2004).