Syn.: Ophrys spiralis L., Epipactis spiralis (L.) Crantz, Spiranthes autumnalis L. C. Richard
Family: Orchidaceae Juss.

Spiranthes spiralis

Distribution: Western, Southern and Central Europe, Northern Africa and Western Asia.

Ecology: Grows on meadows and pastures, on acid to alkalic soils, from lowlands to foothills, in the Southern Europe up to 1200 m. Flowers from August to October.

Spiranthes spiralis

Description: Perennial herb with an erect stem, 10–25 cm tall. Leaves from 3 to 7, wide ovate, in compact rosette. Inflorescence dense, spiralled, 3–15 cm long, flowers 6–30, white to white-greenish, 4–7 mm across. Fruit is a capsule.

Threat and protection: Populations of Autumn Ladie’s Tresses are endangered by extinction in all Europe, species is a protected in some countries (BG, CZ, SK). Simultaneously is protected by the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).

Note: The genus Spiranthes contains about 300 species and is found in temperate, subtropical and tropical regions all over the world.

Spiranthes spiralisSpiranthes spiralisSpiranthes spiralisSpiranthes spiralis

These images were taken in Czechia, Švařec (August 27, 2005).