Syn.: Bradburya schottii Millsp.
Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
Centrosema schottii
Distribution: México (Campeche, Chiapas, Quintana Roo, Yucatán), Guatemala (Petén), Belize (Corozal and Orange Walk), the Greater Antilles, Ecuador (coastal region), Bolivia (Santa Cruz), Venezuela, and Brazil (Bahia, Ceará, Maranhão).
Ecology: It grows in tropical forests and mangrove. Blooms from October to March.
Centrosema schottii
Description: Vine, stems subangular, striate, pubescent, glabrescent with age. Leaves 3-foliolate, 5.5–17 cm long; stipules 5–8 mm long; petioles 3–7 cm long, leaflets ovate-rhombic or deltoid, rarely ovate, 3–8.5 cm long, 2–6.5 cm wide, apex acute, glabrous on both surface. Inflorescences axillary, solitary or occasionally paired, 2–8.5 cm long, glabrous or pilose; calyx campanulate, 4–5 mm long, slightly pilose, calyx tube 2–3 mm long, teeth subtriangular; flowers 2.5–3 cm long, violet to purplish-red with central white medial stripe, standard with a short spur, wings subequal in length to the keel petals. The fruit is a legume, 9–16.5 cm long, 0.6–0.7 cm wide, glabrous.
Use: It is used as a medicinal plant, as well as to feed animals.
Note: The genus Centrosema includes about 32 species, which occur in temperate and tropical America.
Centrosema schottii
Centrosema schottii
These images were taken in Belize, Orange Walk (by Jindřiška Vančurová, February 20, 2015).